Tuesday, 24 April 2018
Sunday, 15 April 2018
Why didn't Trump go to Congress before striking Syria? – RT asks State Senator Richard Black
Saturday, 14 April 2018
Friday, 13 April 2018
Is Trump’s War against Syria on Hold? A Member State of NATO is “Sleeping with the Enemy”: America is at War with both Syria and Turkey - Prof Michel Chossudovsky
Jews are not a Semetic Peoples
Jews are not Hebrews
Jews are not the Sons of Abraham
Now predominantly Ashkenzai of Khazar Turko Mongolian extraction converts to Babylonian Telmudic Judaism
Then Sephardic - A race of venomous vipers
Jews are not Israel - Never a Land Mass Geographical Location nor a Country
Jews are not YAHWAH Gods chosen People - i.e YAHWAH Gods Eloheem children
Merely masquerading as such
They are Asiatics
Jesus was not a Jew
Jews are not White Adamic - White Western Man
the Seed of the Woman (Shem - Semetic - Hebrews - the Sons of Abraham)
But the Serpent Seed of Genesis 3:15 through Cain
Jews cannot blush
Et YAdam - aw-dam - of a ruddy complexion to show blood in the face to blush
YAHWAH God drives only one type of vehicle
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the court. For other uses, see Star Chamber (disambiguation).
|Look up star chamber in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
In modern usage, legal or administrative bodies with strict, arbitrary rulings and secretive proceedings are sometimes called, metaphorically or poetically, "star chambers". This is a pejorative term and intended to cast doubt on the legitimacy of the proceedings. "Star Chamber" can also, rarely, be used in its original meaning, for instance when a politician uses parliamentary privilege to examine and then exculpate or condemn a powerful organisation or person. Due to the constitutional separation of powers and the ceasing of the Star Chamber, the main powers of select committees are to enhance the public debate — politicians are deemed to no longer wield powers in the criminal law, which belongs to the courts.[a]
Origin of the name
Alternatively, William Blackstone, a notable English jurist writing in 1769, speculated that the name may have derived from the legal word "starr" meaning the contract or obligation to a Jew (from the Hebrew שטר (shetar) meaning 'document'). This term was in use until 1290, when Edward I had all Jews expelled from England. Blackstone thought the "Starr Chamber" might originally have been used for the deposition and storage of such contracts. However, the Oxford English Dictionary gives this etymology "no claim to consideration".
Other etymological theories mentioned by Blackstone on the use of star include the derivation from steoran (steer) meaning "to govern"; as a court used to punish (crimen stellionatus) (cozenage); or that the chamber was full of windows.
Under the Plantagenets and TudorsThe Court evolved from meetings of the King's Council, with its roots going back to the medieval period. Contrary to popular belief, the so-called "Star Chamber Act" of King Henry VII's second Parliament (1487) did not actually empower the Star Chamber, but rather created a separate tribunal distinct from the King's general Council.
Initially well regarded because of its speed and flexibility, Star Chamber was regarded as one of the most just and efficient courts of the Tudor era. Sir Edward Coke once described Star Chamber as "The most honourable court (Our Parliament excepted) that is in the Christian world. Both in respect of the judges in the court and its honourable proceeding."
The Star Chamber was made up of Privy Counsellors, as well as common-law judges, and it supplemented the activities of the common-law and equity courts in both civil and criminal matters. In a sense, the court was a court of appeal, a supervisory body, overseeing the operation of the lower courts, although it could hear cases by direct appeal as well. The court was set up to ensure the fair enforcement of laws against the English upper class, those so powerful that ordinary courts could never convict them of their crimes.
Another function of the Court of Star Chamber was to act like a court of equity, which could impose punishment for actions which were deemed to be morally reprehensible but were not in violation of the letter of the law. This gave the Star Chamber great flexibility, as it could punish defendants for any action which the court felt should be unlawful, even when in fact it was technically lawful.
However, this meant that the justice meted out by the Star Chamber could be very arbitrary and subjective, and it enabled the court to be used later on in its history as an instrument of oppression rather than for the purpose of justice for which it was intended. Many crimes which are now commonly prosecuted, such as attempt, conspiracy, criminal libel, and perjury, were originally developed by the Court of Star Chamber, along with its more common role of dealing with riots and sedition.
The cases decided in those sessions enabled both the very powerful and those without power to seek redress. Thus King Henry VII used the power of Star Chamber to break the power of the landed gentry which had been such a cause of problems in the Wars of the Roses. Yet, when local courts were often clogged or mismanaged, the Court of Star Chamber also became a site of remittance for the common people against the excesses of the nobility.
In the reign of King Henry VIII, the court was under the leadership of Cardinal Wolsey (the Archbishop of York and Lord Chancellor) and Thomas Cranmer (the Archbishop of Canterbury) (1515–1529). From this time forward, the Court of Star Chamber became a political weapon for bringing actions against opponents to the policies of King Henry VIII, his Ministers and his Parliament.
Although it was initially a court of appeal, King Henry, Wolsey and Cranmer encouraged plaintiffs to bring their cases directly to the Star Chamber, bypassing the lower courts entirely.
The Court was used extensively to control Wales, after the Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542 (sometimes referred to as the "Acts of Union"). The Tudor-era gentry in Wales turned to the Chamber to evict Welsh landowners and protect themselves, and in general protect the English advantages of the Laws in Wales Acts.
One of the weapons of the Star Chamber was the ex officio oath where, because of their positions, individuals were forced to swear to answer truthfully all questions that might be asked. Faced by hostile questioning, this then gave them the "cruel trilemma" of having to incriminate themselves, face charges of perjury if they gave unsatisfactory answers to their accusers, or be held in contempt of court if they gave no answer.
Under the StuartsThe power of the Court of Star Chamber grew considerably under the House of Stuart, and by the time of King Charles I, it had become synonymous with misuse and abuse of power by the King and his circle. King James I and his son Charles used the court to examine cases of sedition, which meant that the court could be used to suppress opposition to royal policies. It came to be used to try nobles too powerful to be brought to trial in the lower court.
King Charles I used the Court of Star Chamber as Parliamentary substitute during the eleven years of Personal Rule, when he ruled without a Parliament. King Charles made extensive use of the Court of Star Chamber to prosecute dissenters, including the Puritans who fled to New England. This was also one of the causes of the English Civil War.
On 17 October 1632, the Court of Star Chamber banned all "news books" because of complaints from Spanish and Austrian diplomats that coverage of the Thirty Years' War in England was unfair. As a result, newsbooks pertaining to this matter were often printed in Amsterdam and then smuggled into the country, until control of the press collapsed with the developing ideological conflict of 1640–41.
The Star Chamber became notorious for judgments favourable to the king. Archbishop Laud had William Prynne branded on both cheeks through its agency in 1637 for seditious libel.
In 1571 Elizabeth I had set up an equivalent Court in Ireland, the Court of Castle Chamber, to deal with cases of riot and offences against public order. Although it was initially popular with private litigants, under the Stuarts it developed the same reputation for harsh and arbitrary proceedings as its parent Court, and during the political confusion of the 1640s it simply disappeared.
In the early 1900s, American poet, biographer and dramatist Edgar Lee Masters, 1868–1950, commented:
- In the Star Chamber the council could inflict any punishment short of death, and frequently sentenced objects of its wrath to the pillory, to whipping and to the cutting off of ears. ... With each embarrassment to arbitrary power the Star Chamber became emboldened to undertake further usurpation. ... The Star Chamber finally summoned juries before it for verdicts disagreeable to the government, and fined and imprisoned them. It spread terrorism among those who were called to do constitutional acts. It imposed ruinous fines. It became the chief defence of Charles against assaults upon those usurpations which cost him his life.
Abolition and aftermathIn 1641, the Long Parliament, led by John Pym and inflamed by the severe treatment of John Lilburne, as well as that of other religious dissenters such as William Prynne, Alexander Leighton, John Bastwick and Henry Burton, abolished the Star Chamber with an Act of Parliament: the Habeas Corpus Act 1640.
The Chamber itself stood until demolished in 1806, when its materials were salvaged. The door now hangs in the nearby Westminster School and the historic Star Chamber ceiling, with its bright gold stars, was brought to Leasowe Castle on the Wirral Peninsula in Cheshire from the Court of Westminster, along with four tapestries depicting the four seasons.
Recent historyIn the late 20th century, the expression was revived in reference to ways resolving internal high-level questions within the government, usually relating to budget appropriations. The press and some civil servants under the Premiership of Margaret Thatcher (1979–90) revived the term for private ministerial meetings at which disputes between the Treasury and high-spending departments were resolved.
The term was again revived by the popular press to describe a panel set up by the Labour party's National Executive Committee to review expenses claims by Labour MPs in May 2009. In 2010, the press employed the term for a committee established by the Cameron ministry to plan spending cuts to reduce public debt.
Influence on the U.S. ConstitutionThe historical abuses of the Star Chamber are considered a primary motivating force behind the protections against compelled self-incrimination embodied in the Fifth Amendment to the United States Constitution. The meaning of "compelled testimony" under the Fifth Amendment – i.e., the conditions under which a defendant is allowed to "plead the Fifth" to avoid self-incrimination – is thus often interpreted via reference to the inquisitorial methods of the Star Chamber.
As the U.S. Supreme Court described it, "the Star Chamber has, for centuries, symbolized disregard of basic individual rights. The Star Chamber not merely allowed, but required, defendants to have counsel. The defendant's answer to an indictment was not accepted unless it was signed by counsel. When counsel refused to sign the answer, for whatever reason, the defendant was considered to have confessed."
- Or, rather, the first reference in the OED. Blackstone mentions a reference in a document of 41 Edw. III – 1367 – but does not quote it
- This page was last edited on 11 April 2018, at 16:17.
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Thursday, 12 April 2018
Dangerous Crossroads: Russian Naval Exercises Off the Syrian Coast. U.S. Military Deployment in the East Mediterranean
Monday, 9 April 2018
10th April 2018 / United Kingdom
On 12th March we exposed what Skripal did for a living with confirmation from a former Russian intelligence officer who now lives in exile in Britain had said Skripal was still working with Russian military intelligence and not retired as stated by the press.
“You have a Russian military intelligence officer working in the Russian diplomatic service, working in cybersecurity and every month going to the [Russian] embassy to meet military intelligence officers.”
On the 15th March, we reported that the US was capitalising on the Skripal event with extraordinary impetus. US Secretary of State Rex Tillerson said just prior to being sacked by the chaotic Trump administration that the attack on Sergei and Yulia Skripal “clearly came from Russia” and “would have serious consequences.”
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Nikki Haley, the permanent US representative to the UN – “has blamed Russia for the attempted murder of double agent Sergei Skripal, saying it stands in “absolute solidarity” with Britain on the matter.” Two-thirds of all Russian diplomats expelled across the Western world were expelled from just two countries – Britain and the US.
Then we put two and two together and predicted that there would be a “final push to end the (Syrian) conflict as it begins a very dangerous stage. Allies on both sides have been called to arms.”
We said in that same report “it is just as likely that this is Theresa May’s “45-minute attack warning” – just as it was for Tony Blair, which was one of the most fraudulent claims ever made by the British government, supported of course, by the mainstream media.”
The Skripal event was focused on a chemical weapon attack. Skripal is Russian. This entire fantasy is nothing more than iconography and finger pointing – an exercise in pretext for war. We’ve seen it all before.
America is about to conduct an all-out attack in Syria – the final push, under the pretext of chemical weapons. Israel has already escalated its position and is waging a growing war with countless aerial bombing raids that included the attack on a Syrian regime airbase east of Homs recently. Relations between Netanyahu and Putin have crashed.Russia has said it found no trace of a chlorine attack in Douma when its personnel visited the town. Many will immediately and understandably dismiss that statement – but the Russians may not have been the only ones to visit. Russian media claim that the Red Crescent – the equivalent of the Red Cross in the Middle East – also visited the city and found nothing to suggest a chemical attack had taken place.
The red line is always chemical weapons.
Britain covertly wades inBritain has undisclosed numbers of SAS boots on the ground in Syria. The evidence for that is in the SkyNews report that a SAS soldier had been killed by IS in Syria whilst embedded with the Americans. Britain does not have to declare any soldier numbers if they are embedded you see. In the meantime, Britain dropped 3,400 bombs in Syria and Iraq during 2017 and is still doing so. Britain has now spent one thousand eight hundred million pounds on munitions dropped from drones alone, as opposed to George Osborne’s
Global ConflictThe truth is that all four hemispheres are involved in the final push. The US State Department lists 62 countries as members of its global coalition force.
Iran, Iraq, Russia, Hesbollah and others are the opposition. But that doesn’t tell the whole story. Even Greek and Italian companies are assisting Syria with infrastructure and support facilities in its moment of need.
New National Security Adviser John Bolton, a well-known uberhawk, started his job on Monday morning. President Trump has vowed to make a decision on whether to use force in the next 24 hours. Bolton is a strong and powerful voice advocating for US force – that is why he was appointed.
There is no doubt, the final push is going to be the most dangerous escalation of the Syrian conflict since its 15th March 2011 start. And whilst Syria has become an increasingly complicated theatre for great-power rivalry, it has also become the battleground for a global proxy war between East and West.
As long ago as Dec 2015 and Feb 2016, TruePublica was warning that an ‘escalation ladder’ in Syria could quickly turn into something far worse.
No one is articulating even the faintest vision of what a post-conflict Syria might look like, probably because Western interventions in Afghanistan, Iraq and Libya have proven to end in total state failure.
With IS supposedly defeated, the only reason for the final push is the muscle flexing for global supremacy between the emerging super-powers and America (and its allies) – a classic East-West confrontation.
That Chemical attackAs for the recent chemical attack in Syria Craig Murray, British ex-ambassador says: “I have never ruled out the possibility that Russia is responsible for the attack in Salisbury, amongst other possibilities. But I do rule out the possibility that Assad is dropping chemical weapons in Ghouta. In this extraordinary war, where jihadist head choppers have Israeli air support and US and UK military “advisers”, every time the Syrian army is about to take complete control of a major jihadist enclave, at the last moment when victory is in their grasp, the Syrian Army allegedly attacks children with chemical weapons, for no military reason at all. We have been fed this narrative again and again and again.
We then face a propaganda onslaught from neo-con politicians, think tanks and “charities” urging a great rain of Western bombs and missiles, and are accused of callousness towards suffering children if we demur. This despite the certain knowledge that Western military interventions in Afghanistan, Iraq and Libya have had consequences which remain to this day utterly disastrous.
I fear that the massive orchestration of Russophobia over the last two years is intended to prepare public opinion for a wider military conflict centred on the Middle East, but likely to spread, and that we are approaching that endgame. The dislocation of the political and media class from the general population is such, that the levers for people of goodwill to prevent this are, as with Iraq, extremely few as politicians quake in the face of media jingoism. These feel like extremely dangerous times.
Dr Busby says a few words about the Russian Nerve Agent issue. He speaks as an expert in this area.
Chris worked for several years at the famous Wellcome Research laboratories in Beckenham, London as a Senior Scientist in the Department of Physical Chemistry. His job, at the basic level, was to help determine the structure and origin of pharmaceutical compounds. So, he is an expert in this area.
He also carried out similar work at Queen Mary College London for his first PhD and synthesised complex organic chemicals. From that, he relates that the synthesis of a specific small organic chemical like the supposed Novichoks is not very difficult. Most synthetic organic chemists could knock up small quantities of the 234 compound, given the structure.
Mainly, there is no way that the compound that was detected in the Skripal attack could be traced to a Russian laboratory (or any laboratory) by any lab unless the lab already had a sample known to come from the Russian laboratory (or the source laboratory).
The determination and identification methods mainly depend on mass spectrometric fragmentation patterns, and include the spectrum of stray molecular fragments from impurities associated with the synthesis route. This is how Wellcome located Patent jumping, and took this evidence (from Busby and colleagues) into the courts. All chemists know this, and that is why the Porton head said what he said, as any chemist would have been able to raise this issue and show that he was lying, if he said anything else. It is basic physical chemistry.
So, the new headline in the Times, about a secret Russian laboratory is also bogus.
What is also clear is that the mass spectrum of the A234 compound was put on the NIST database in 1998 by a worker from the USA chemical warfare laboratory. Chris therefore concludes that this whole affair is a tissue of lies and misdirection, rather like the WMD Iraq scenario and is aimed at creating a war with Russia that no one can win and where all life will lose. Why is this being done? Because the only way for the rich and powerful to escape the coming US Economic catastrophe caused by the destruction of the petrodollar is to pull the house down and hope to escape in the general confusion and disaster from the wreckage.